Morris Plumbing

A Name you can Trust


724-462-8510   or   724-827-5044  


 Beaver, Lawrence & Allegheny County In Western PA

I believe in working with you, the homeowner and your contractor in providing you with the "best fit plumbing layout for one of life's' biggest investment"  both satisfying your budget and your family's needs.  I am well versed in building codes, optimizing design for the structure of the home and ensuring peak performance for you the homeowner

Basic plumbing layouts
  • Trunk and branch. A common layout, trunk-and-branch systems consist of one primary pipe to deliver water, with several "branches" of piping extending out from the main supply line to deliver water to the various applications throughout the home. The benefits of this configuration include quick delivery of hot water and the ability to supply high-pressure water to at least one fixture.
  • Home-run. In this configuration, all of the home's water systems are fed from one central location. To ensure performance, the central delivery point must be located as near as possible to the source of hot water: the hot water heater. Benefits include even water pressure and fast access to hot water.
  • Remote manifold. A combination of the previous two systems, the remote-manifold system ensures a conveniently located hot water heater from which several "trunk" lines extend, and then they supply water to a grouping of fixtures through branch piping lines. The benefits of this system design include quick access to hot water and the use of fewer pipe fittings.

Design principles

In general, you'll get better results from the final design or your system when your plumbing professional works alongside the builder from the get-go. In this way, your plumber can optimize the layout of the piping and material choices, for instance, while the builder is planning the location of the water heater and where the main water supply enters the home, factors that ultimately influence the performance of the system.

Regardless of the design of the system, i will work with you an what suits you best.

  • Grouping. Cost savings and energy savings result when the group fixtures  are in a central location. For instance, a first- and second-floor bathroom stacked on top of each other allow me to utilize a single trunk pipe to deliver water to the location, with several branches extending to each application within the bathrooms.
  • Optimizing the distribution point. Two factors greatly influence performance, the location of the incoming water main and the water heater, are of the utmost importance. The more centrally located the water heater and supply line, the less distance water has to travel throughout the home. In general, longer plumbing pipes lead to higher installation and material costs, as well as performance costs.
  • Bundling. Ideally, I will plan to bundle unbroken pipes with few fittings whenever possible, which must take into account long before building plans are finalized to take advantage of areas like soffits and chases. Using building elements to house piping (along with other home components like ductwork and electrical wiring) greatly hastens their installation, ultimately lowering building costs.
  • Fittings. As a rule, the more fittings (or connections) the system has, the more potential there is for performance problems. I will plan for as few fittings as possible to ensure proper pressure, access to water and cost savings.
  • Piping length. A guiding design principle, shorter pipe runs are ideal and result in faster access to hot water and lower water-heating costs.
  • Coding. A nice perk, color coding the piping helps homeowners identify pipes when performing DIY repairs, and they make it easy for plumbing professionals to service the system down the line, too.